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Chronology of Cappadocia   KAPADOKYA
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    Cappadocia Guide » Chronology of Cappadocia » 
Chronology of Cappadocia

Writer: Yavuz İşçen 
January 2010/Ankara

PERIOD

YEARS

EXPLANATION

 

Paleolithic Age

BC ?-10.000

There are finds from this age in Avla Mountain.

Mesolithic Age

BC 10.000-8000

No finds from this age.

Early Neolithic Age

Late Neolithic Age

BC 8000-6500

BC 6500-5500

Neolithic Age BC 8000-5500

Early Calcolithic Age

Middle Calcolithic Age

Late Calcolithic Age

BC 5500-5000

BC 5000-4500

BC 4500-3000

Calcolithic Age BC 5500-3000

Early Bronze Age

Middle Bronze Age

Late Bronze Age

Assyrian Commercial Colonies Age

Hittites (The Old Kingdom)

Hittites (The Great Hittite Empire)

Hittites (Neo Hittite City States)

BC 3000-2500

BC 2500-2000

BC 2000-1200

BC 1900-1800

BC 1800-1400

BC 1400-1200

BC 1200-700

Bronze Age BC 3000-1200

 

 

 

 

Hittites, collapsed after Aegean Emigration.

Tabal Kingdom

BC 900-680

Period of dominance of Late Hittite City State Tabal Kingdom, in the region. Tabal Kingdom collapsed by Assyrians.

Phrygians

BC 750-676

Period of dominance of Phrygians in the region. Phrygians, collapsed by Cimmerian and Scythian emigrations.

 

Medes

BC 585-550

Period of dominance of Medes, settled in Iran, in the region.

 

Persians

BC 547-331

Period of dominance of Persians, settled in Iran, in the region.

The Kingdom of Cappadocia

BC 332-MS 17

Persian follower independent kingdom period. 

Romans

17-395

The region passed under the dominance of Romans, after Cappadocia Kingdom joined to city-state of Rome. 

Byzantines

Sassanids

Umayyads

Abbasids

395-1071

608-611

709-713

831-833

After Byzantines lost their dominancy in the region, in 1071,  Sassanids, Emevis and Abbasids, which all have Arabian origin, have ruled the region at times.

 

Anatolian Seljuks State

Danishmendis

1078-1318

1086-1178

Periods of dominance of Anatolian Seljuks and Danishmendis, two Turkish  Principalities, in the region. Danishmendis was collapsed by Anatolian Seljuks.

İlhanlılar (Mongoloids)

Timurtaş Bey

Eretna Bey

Kadı Burhanettin

1277-1318

1318-1343

1343-1381

1381-1398

Period of dominance of Iranian İlhanlılar, in the region. Governors of İlhanlılar, located in Anatolia, become independent at times.

Ottoman Empire

1398-1402

The period when Ottoman Principality, a Turkish principality, used to rule the region.

Karamanoğulları

1402-1436

The period when Karamanoğulları, a Turkish principality, used to rule the region.

Dulkadiroğulları

1436-1515

The period when Dulkadiroğulları, a Turkish principality, used to rule the region.

Ottoman Empire

1515-1923

Ottoman Empire period

Republic of Turkey

1923- ….

Republic of Turkey period

Note: This article has been published in “Cappadocia Life and Travel Guide-2009”. It is under protection of the copyrights of the book. No part of this article may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by electronic, mechanical or other means without prior permission from the owner. www.cappadociaexplorer.com

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